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InriaSoft aims for the durable development of large-scale software programs by bringing together their user communities within consortia that will finance a team of engineers tasked with their maintenance and evolution. The InriaSoft headquarters are based in Rennes, as Claude Labit, director, and David Margery, technical director of this national action backed by the Fondation Inria, explain.
In these lectures, you will learn how to develop new apps, force fields, editors, visual representations, property calculations, etc. Applicants Press Businesses Scientists Contact us. Inria in brief Organisation Strategy. Partnerships Careers. Research teams International mobility Research fields Digital culture. News Calendar.
About the Center for Theoretical and Computational Nanoscience
Calendar News. Search term. Scope Committee Programme Proceedings Posters. Computational science plays an ever increasing role in understanding materials and molecular systems. The nanometer scale in particular is governed by the laws of quantum mechanics, which calls for electronic structure theory in order to address questions related to stability of structures, chemical processes or spectral properties.
This hands-on NIC Winter School focuses on the application of modern electronic structure calculations and dynamical simulation techniques covering aspects of solid state and surface science, chemical reactions and dynamics, as well as the structure and properties of large molecules and clusters. For these reasons, some groups advocate that nanotechnology be regulated by governments. Others counter that overregulation would stifle scientific research and the development of beneficial innovations. Public health research agencies, such as the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health are actively conducting research on potential health effects stemming from exposures to nanoparticles.
Some nanoparticle products may have unintended consequences. Researchers have discovered that bacteriostatic silver nanoparticles used in socks to reduce foot odor are being released in the wash. Public deliberations on risk perception in the US and UK carried out by the Center for Nanotechnology in Society found that participants were more positive about nanotechnologies for energy applications than for health applications, with health applications raising moral and ethical dilemmas such as cost and availability.
Experts, including director of the Woodrow Wilson Center's Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies David Rejeski, have testified  that successful commercialization depends on adequate oversight, risk research strategy, and public engagement. Berkeley, California is currently the only city in the United States to regulate nanotechnology;  Cambridge, Massachusetts in considered enacting a similar law,  but ultimately rejected it.
Over the next several decades, applications of nanotechnology will likely include much higher-capacity computers, active materials of various kinds, and cellular-scale biomedical devices. Nanofibers are used in several areas and in different products, in everything from aircraft wings to tennis rackets.
Inhaling airborne nanoparticles and nanofibers may lead to a number of pulmonary diseases , e. A two-year study at UCLA's School of Public Health found lab mice consuming nano-titanium dioxide showed DNA and chromosome damage to a degree "linked to all the big killers of man, namely cancer, heart disease, neurological disease and aging". A major study published more recently in Nature Nanotechnology suggests some forms of carbon nanotubes — a poster child for the "nanotechnology revolution" — could be as harmful as asbestos if inhaled in sufficient quantities.
Anthony Seaton of the Institute of Occupational Medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland, who contributed to the article on carbon nanotubes said "We know that some of them probably have the potential to cause mesothelioma. So those sorts of materials need to be handled very carefully. Calls for tighter regulation of nanotechnology have occurred alongside a growing debate related to the human health and safety risks of nanotechnology. Some regulatory agencies currently cover some nanotechnology products and processes to varying degrees — by "bolting on" nanotechnology to existing regulations — there are clear gaps in these regimes.
Stakeholders concerned by the lack of a regulatory framework to assess and control risks associated with the release of nanoparticles and nanotubes have drawn parallels with bovine spongiform encephalopathy "mad cow" disease , thalidomide , genetically modified food,  nuclear energy, reproductive technologies, biotechnology, and asbestosis. Andrew Maynard, chief science advisor to the Woodrow Wilson Center's Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies, concludes that there is insufficient funding for human health and safety research, and as a result there is currently limited understanding of the human health and safety risks associated with nanotechnology.
The Royal Society report  identified a risk of nanoparticles or nanotubes being released during disposal, destruction and recycling, and recommended that "manufacturers of products that fall under extended producer responsibility regimes such as end-of-life regulations publish procedures outlining how these materials will be managed to minimize possible human and environmental exposure" p. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society has found that people respond to nanotechnologies differently, depending on application — with participants in public deliberations more positive about nanotechnologies for energy than health applications — suggesting that any public calls for nano regulations may differ by technology sector.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the materials science journal, see Nanotechnology journal. For other uses of "Nanotech", see Nanotech disambiguation.
Field of applied science whose theme is the control of matter on atomic and supra molecular scale. Main article: History of nanotechnology. Main article: Nanomaterials. Main article: Molecular self-assembly. Main article: Molecular nanotechnology. See also: World Intellectual Property Indicators. Play media.
Main article: List of nanotechnology applications.
Computational Nanoscience Group - MANA | NIMS
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Bibcode : NatSR Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics. CRC Press. A New Kind of Science.
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Archived from the original on Chemical and Engineering News. December 1, Nano Letters.
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