Political Liberalism: Expanded Edition (Columbia Classics in Philosophy)
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In Naming Violence, Mathias Thaler articulates a novel perspective on the study of violence that demonstrates why the imagination matters for political theory.
His analysis of the politics of naming charts a middle ground between moralism and realism, arguing that political theory ought to question whether our existing vocabulary enables us to properly identify, understand, and respond to violence. This book presents a new account of the significance and the human costs of work.
Nonetheless, it is a claim that has come under fire from an array of critical perspectives in the second half of the twentieth century. Iain MacKenzie analyzes two of the most compelling of these perspectives: the poststructuralist politics of truth formulated by Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze and the alternative postfoundational account of truth and militancy developed by Alain Badiou.
Ernst Bloch argues that the great medieval Islamic philosopher Avicenna Ibn Sina planted the seeds of a radical materialism still relevant for critical theory today. Michael Bray argues that the Marxist conception of the division between mental and manual labor is a critical yet unrecognized aspect of contemporary political struggles. Bray traces the conceptual and sociopolitical history of this labor division and emphasizes how the forms of control and organization that it articulates in practices of production, democracy, racialization, and financialization are becoming increasingly important.
Catherine Fieschi looks beyond definitional issues to examine why populism and populist parties have become a feature of our politics. She shows how new dynamics unleashed by social media—the fantasy of radical transparency, the demand for immediacy, and the rejection of expert truth and facts—have been harnessed by populism, enabling it to make new inroads into a formerly unreceptive political landscape.
In Statu Nascendi is a new peer-reviewed journal that includes original academic research dedicated to political philosophy, cultural studies, theory of international relations, foreign policy, and the political decision-making process. How prone to corruption are EU funds? Who wins and who loses the anticorruption fight? And can we have better measurements than people's perceptions to indicate if corruption changes?
This issue introduces a new index of public integrity and a variety of other tools created as part of the project. Ronaldo Munck offers a sober appraisal of how globalization has created a new global working class through the massive acceleration of capital accumulation and, concomitantly, has increased the insecurity and precarious nature of most employment.
Mansoob Murshed examines the nature of resource booms, the benefits and costs of export-led growth, the problems of deindustrialization and manufacturing base erosion, and the empirical evidence of the effects of natural resource dependence on growth. They display the enduring power and contemporary relevance of pragmatic naturalism. An edited and annotated translation of the first chapter of Tshad ma rigs gter by Sa skya Pandita.
This volume is an introduction to one of the key concepts in Tibetan Buddhist epistemology, the object of cognition. It provides an overview of the notion of cognizable objects in Sa skya Pandita — , a short summary of Western research on that concept, and an edited translation of the first chapter of his fundamental work Tshad ma rigs gter together with the canonical commentary by Go rams pa — In this festschrift, students of Donald J. As philosophers in the continental tradition have taken an interest in the return of religion, anthropologists and sociologists have rejected the once-dominant secularization thesis.
Bradley B. Starting with an emphasis on reflection as the basis of epistemology, Heinrichs presents a theory of democracy as well as philosophical semiotics and structural and integral ontology.
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She offers an important corrective to attempts to develop universal definitions that assure semantic consistency and provide normative certainty, showing that terrorism means many different things and serves a wide range of political purposes. After Sept. Heike Schotten provides an anatomy of this moralism, arguing for a new interpretation of biopolitics focused on sovereignty and desire rather than racism and biology. American Immanence seeks to replace the dominant American political tradition, which has resulted in global social, economic, and environmental injustices, with a new form of political theology, its dominant feature a radical democratic politics.
Michael S. Hogue explores the potential of a dissenting immanental tradition in American religion. This anthology illuminates the characteristics that distinguished nineteenth-century French liberalism from its English and American counterparts. Proponents point out that flexible working arrangements can unlock the potential of those who cannot work fulltime and note that technology is changing the nature of work.
Opponents fear that corporate need to cut costs and reduce the administrative burden and legal responsibilities drive the gig economy. Alex de Ruyter and Martyn Brown provide a concise overview. James Heintz tackles the shortcomings of macroeconomics in relation to gender dynamics and challenges the dominant methods and measurements, suggesting new ways of framing macroeconomic concepts.
He concludes by considering how this new way of thinking could transform policymaking in the future.
She disproves the claim that sex work is a lucrative occupation for impoverished women and girls that can be considered for regulation as part of the normal economy. Despite the centrality of the single market to the European project, it is a relatively recent achievement and also one around which there is considerable confusion and misunderstanding.
John-Paul Salter examines the single market's crucial role in the EU, showing how it is tightly bound with other areas of EU policy and can only be understood within a broader EU social, macroeconomic, and public-policy framework. Nico Baumbach revisits the much-maligned tradition of seventies film theory to reconsider: What does it mean to call cinema political?
An Education in Diversity? | Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
He explores how cinema can condition philosophy through its own means, challenging received ideas about what is seeable, sayable, and doable. It offers detailed, up-to-date commentary, inviting us to go to the movies with Foucault. Linking performance with theories of aesthetics, history, and politics, Minou Arjomand argues that it is not subject matter that makes theater political but rather the act of judging a performance in the company of others. Staged weaves together theater history and political philosophy into a powerful and timely case for the importance of theaters as public institutions.
Roberto Simanowski takes Facebook as a starting point to investigate our social-media society and its insidious consequences for our concept of the self. Presenting a creative, philosophically informed perspective that speaks to a shared reality, Facebook Society asks us to come to terms with the networked world. Johnston develops what he calls transcendental materialism, an antireductive materialism capable of preserving and advancing the legacies of the Hegelian, Marxian, and Freudian traditions.
Wael B. Hallaq takes critique of Orientalism as a point of departure for rethinking the modern project. Habermas scholars elucidate his thought, providing essential insight into his key concepts and his influence across politics, law, the social sciences, and public life. In Excessive Subjectivity, Dominik Finkelde rereads the tradition of German idealism and finds in it the potential for transformative acts that are capable of revolutionizing the social order.
Finkelde's discussion of the meaning and structure of the ethical act meticulously engages thinkers typically treated as opposed—Kant, Hegel, and Lacan—to develop the concept of excessive subjectivity, which is characterized by nonconformist acts that reshape the contours of ethical life.
Columbia Classics in Philosophy
In opposition to predominant views that understand design processes as mechanical, this study uses the semiotics of Charles S. Peirce to characterize design activities as a continuous and serendipitous interplay of aesthetic experience, of defining rules, and of manifesting forms.
Da Costa e Silva concludes that invention and discovery are intrinsic to every development in any given design context. Ben Conisbee Baer provides a theoretical and historical account of the relationships between modern literature, representations of indigeneity, and educative practices in colonial zones from the s to the s, encompassing the central place of teaching and learning both in modernist aesthetics and on the part of writeractivists. Phenomena of Power delves into the sociohistorical manifestations of power and breaks through to its general structures.
Popitz distinguishes the forms of the enforcement of power, stabilization, and institutionalization of power, clearly articulating how the mechanisms of power work and how to track them in the social world. Given this reality of widespread, unresolvable, deep disagreement, how exactly are we supposed to have a society? The reason he has to construct so many lists and categorizations - of, e. This leads to interesting discussions of, for example, the freedom of political speech. Rather, any restrictions must be justified on the grounds that they are necessary to create the conditions that enable people to exercise the powers of a citizen, which if his theory succeeds are grounds all reasonable people should recognize.
To what extent we could apply his way of thinking immediately to public life is not clear. Mar 15, Valentina Salvatierra rated it it was amazing. This book gives a compelling account of how it is possible, in today's pluralistic societies, to create an overlapping consensus on fundamental political issues. Highly recommended for anyone looking for a solid ideological foundation for a politically liberal worldview. What can I say? I was bored to tears, remembering most of the material from my college lectures.
Also, it reminds me of how easy it is in academia to be disconnected from reality. Lots of idealism, but the world functions far too pragmatically and messily. Jul 29, Jason Burke Murphy rated it it was amazing. Everyone should wrestle with this book as it is one of the best efforts to lay a foundation for a fair politics. This book provides a vocabulary that makes political discussion more fruitful.
May 10, Dave Peticolas rated it really liked it.
John Rawls (1921—2002)
May 20, Nathan rated it really liked it. Like many other texts e. It changes and evolves with time, study, and experience. I was deeply ambivalent about Rawls for a number of reason. On the one hand, I agreed on a theoretical level with his conclusions. It's a work of political philosophy formulated through formal moral reasoning. A kind of reasoning where morality is framed in logical terms, much in the spirit of Kant. Next, he begins with the notion of a 'well-ordered society' - which is an abstract concept of what, I guess, is the ideal form of society where all needs are met and different parties are willing to come to terms with each other.
His principles of rational what is right and good for the individual and the reasonable what is right and good for the community and the idea of placing the Right before the good are all principles I agree with. I also agree with the fact of reasonable pluralism, which is already integral to numerous constitutions.
Where I have trouble with Rawls is how this formally constructed conception of a society moves to concrete actuality.
Kant's conception of reason was transcendental and so was a priori - before experience. Meaning, experience itself was made possible by these transcendental a priori concepts.
For Rawls -insofar as I understand - it's the other way around. We ought to construct our society on the basis of his idea of a well-ordered society, not based on imposition, but because it's the rational thing to do. Call me a naive realist, because I have trouble seeing how this ideal could be implemented. Unlike Hegel, who takes the concept of Right and allows it to unfold dialectically to its logical conclusion through tension and sublation, Rawls' ideal is pre-configured. My prof said that Rawls' was more concerned with constitutional matters rather than individual problems I guess that even means municipal policy?
Some of Rawls' ideas can apply to constitutional matters like the fact of reasonable pluralism , BUT the idea of an overlapping consensus requires hope for it to be actualized. I don't disagree with the idea, and it seems critical now more than ever since we are in such a polarized epoch ; it requires hope, faith in making the model a reality , and effort on behalf of all parties. So, I suggest everyone read this book because while it might seem 'out there' if we apply Rawls' ideas, maybe, just maybe, an overlapping consensus could happen.
Aug 16, Micah rated it really liked it. This is an excellent work in which John Rawls defends both the principles of justice—which include basic rights and liberties for all and equal opportunity to succeed—and the principles of public reason—which include being reasonable and refusing to impose ideology on politics. Jan 02, Sarah Staudt rated it it was amazing. The Veil of Ignorance remains one of the most powerful metaphors I have encountered in modern philosophy.