The emperor and Rome: space, representation, and ritual

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Early Christian art and architecture after Constantine

Social stratification. The outcome of economic processes in antiquity was generally a highly unequal distribution of wealth. What ritual strategies did individuals and groups employ to justify or contest their place in the pecking order? How were superiority or deference publicly demonstrated and emphasised, and what role if any did collective civic, imperial rituals play in creating and reinforcing public consent?

At the same time, social hierarchies were also often determined by outward signs, such as clothing and jewellery. Can we trace the social functions performed by clothing and wealth? Trust is a key quality of social life, enabling the functioning of a society. In an empire where distances were great and, for example, trade had to rely heavily on trust, rituals could help to sustain trust. What role was played by, e. Were religious sanctions and rituals put to use to guarantee the fulfilment of promises?

How were breaches of trust dealt with? As in any society, and a fortiori in a pre-modern one, these are marked by rituals. Can we trace different rituals in various parts of the empire? What moments of life were marked by rite de passages? How do we explain cultural differences between Greeks, Romans, and others such as Egyptians, and how were these perceived by contemporaries? How was burial performed and perceived? These workshops also provide a forum for our PhD students. In the light of current interest for memory studies on Antiquity, it may be interesting to focus on the roles played by rituals in memory practices, as this is marginal in current research.

Besides contacting individual contributors, we will launch an open Call for chapters.

One year afterwars, we will organise a colloquium at which preliminary versions of the chapters will be presented and discussed. Overslaan en naar de inhoud gaan. Home Projecten Social rituals in the Roman world. Social rituals in the Roman world Begin - Einde. Onderzoeksgroep en. Ancient History. Tabgroup Abstract The first three years of the Roman Society Research Centre have been very succesful and have provided the institutional context for a succesful application for a Scientific Network about the structural determinants of economic growth in the Roman Empire.

We aim to explore these various dimensions of social ritual in the Roman World in four ways. References Althoff, G. Dispatch time is working days from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Seller Inventory APC Publisher: Cambridge University Press , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title The transition from republic to monarchy with the accession of Augustus heralded the transformation not just of the Roman political system but of the city of Rome itself.

Book Description : The advent of monarchy at Rome brought major changes to the city of Rome as well as the political system. Buy New Learn more about this copy. About AbeBooks. Other Popular Editions of the Same Title. Search for all books with this author and title. Customers who bought this item also bought. Stock Image. New Hardcover Quantity Available: Book Depository hard to find London, United Kingdom.

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The Emperor and Rome Ewald, Bj? In contrast, Western culture views doctrine differently. Westernized Christianity believes it is the acceptance of God, not just the attendance on God, that saves or ensures a place in Heaven. While there is still an emphasis on prayer and tithing, Westernized Christianity also emphasizes the importance of doing this in private as well.

While these are not the complete set of doctrines for each of the types, they help paint a picture of each religion and their belief system. This in return, gives more insight into the inner workings of religion, and the cultures' impression of that religion. In this way, religious doctrines give anthropologists more information for why people believe what they do and how it affects their lives, which could change their anthropological view from etc to mic. Sacred space is any place that has a special significance to a group or an individual, normally linked to religious or other cultural dogmas of an emotional nature.

Knowledge concerning these special places is often passed down through generations imbued with a sense of awe and reverence and plays a significant role in the identity of a people. Sacred spaces can help connect people as they anchor them to their cultural and religious traditions by providing a focus point where the divine and the mundane intersect and interact on a ritual level. Sacred spaces can be public places of worship and pilgrimage as well as private spaces of ancestor veneration or personal spiritual refuges.

It can be a place where something of significance has happened, a place said to be the point of origin of a group of people, their burial grounds, or even individual remains of ancestors. For example, the birth or death place of a person deemed especially blessed by a divinity can be made into a shrine and place of veneration for succeeding generations.

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Even areas that differ significantly from its surroundings can be viewed as sacred in the proper cultural context, such as a clearing in a dense forest, a lake, or unusual rock formations. It is interesting to note that in Europe, South America, and the Middle East, many churches have been built on top of places sacred to older rites. This shows that the importance of these spaces in the cultural memory supersedes the religious significance.

They are then usually absorbed, often intentionally, into the new religious traditions that arrive and settle into an area. Inside the stone circle Stonehenge. Catedral Metropolitana de Sao Paulo in Brazil.

The Wailing Wall , a sacred Jewish site in Jerusalem. Syncretism is the process by which elements of one religion are assimilated into another religion, resulting in a change in the fundamental beliefs of those religions. This change does not always result in a total fusion of the religions but bits and pieces that one religion has adopted from another. In some cases, deities or influential figures are blended and called by one name but retain attributes, images, symbols and sometimes holy sites from the original religions.

This was the site of the temple or the Aztec mother goddess Tohantizin.

Cultural Anthropology/Ritual and Religion - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Mary requested a church be built on that site. Juan Diego returned to the hill where Mary told him to collect roses and bring them to the Bishop. When he returned to the bishop with roses in his timla, he dropped the roses at the feet of the Bishop, and on the tilma appeared the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe. This merged the pre-Christian goddess Tohantizin with the Catholic saint the Virgin of Guadalupe, creating a way through which the local people could practice their faith through a Catholic conduit.

Exclusivism is the view that one's own religion is inerrant and all others are in error. Exclusivism may also relate to practice, as in the way the gods, dietys, etc. An example of exclusivism is the Ancient Greek Religion, which combined many local deities, such as nymphs and other divinities connected to nature, into the myth system of the Greek Pantheon. The Decree of Diopithes of BCE forbade the worship or introduction of and the belief in deities other than the Greek Pantheon and made it an offense punishable by death.

Another form of exclusivity can be seen through Christianity, by way that they do not promote syncretism, but instead contextualization. Christians discourage syncretism because Christians are supposed to live out their beliefs and lead a life that confirms their belief. Contextualization is when Christians associate with non-believers yet exhibit their beliefs, which is encouraged in place of syncretism.

In its more extreme form, religious exclusivism teaches that only the members of one religion or sect will reach Heaven, while others will be doomed to eternal damnation. In the past there was the saying in relation to the belief in God that was often used saying 'if you don't believe in God you will go to hell'.

The opposite of religious exclusivism is universalism, the teaching that all will eventually share in the eternal blessings of God or the heavenly realm. A shaman is a part-time religious practitioner who acts as a medium between the human and spirit world. A shaman is believed to have the power to communicate with supernatural forces to intercede on the behalf of individuals or groups.